GAYSORN VILLAGE, “Urban Lifestyle Village” in Thailand hosted “GAYSORN XMAS VILLAGE 2019″ to usher in the festival of fun and happiness and celebrate the end of the year in the “XMAS SPIRIT & FUN”. Unleash the fun of the magic and charms of Christmas in a fabulously festive atmosphere, with rule-breaking decorations that treasures the traditions of Christmas while infusing it with a modern sensitivity. Visitors can indulge themselves in style. Do not miss highlight activities throughout the festive season: witness the spectacular beauty of 15-meter Christmas tree; stand a chance to win special prizes from the “Soi Dao” signature promotion that everyone has been waiting for, with prizes totaling over 10 million Baht; lose yourself in countless of dazzling entertainment options; chill with mugs of craft beers in the joyous atmosphere at Wishbeer Winter Garden at the Gaysorn Cocoon Drop-off. Participate in and enjoy special promotions, activities, and sharing opportunities: GAYSORN EXCLUSIVE POP-UP STORE Gaysorn welcomes pop-ups stores from leading Thai and international brands that have lined up to lighten and brighten up the shopping and eating experience during this festive season. THE SKI EDITION The first multi-brand store in Thailand to bring together premium clothing and ski and snowboard equipment from famous brands from across the globe. THE SKI EDITION: From Piste to Après Ski tears away the tired image of skiing to present a new skiing experience that reflects one's personal lifestyle through clothes and equipment that are outstanding in both function and design. Among the curated popular brands are PERFECT MOMENT, FUSALP, GOLDBERGH, BOGNER and FALKE Open today - February 2020, 2nd Floor, Gaysorn Tower SMALL A minimalist frozen yogurt store unique for its seasonal cones and flavors. This Christmas, try the fun green fro-yo on a red cone that captures the festive mood. The word SMALL comes from the different cup sizes, from S, M, A for cone, to L. Open today - 29th February 2020, 1st Floor, Gaysorn Centre KAD KOKOA KAD KOKOA, the cafe for cacao lovers made by Thai people for both Thais and foreigners to learn that Thai chocolate is just as good as any. The brand has sourced high-quality cacao from all over the country, from Chiang Mai, Chanthaburi, Chumporn, and Prajuab Kiri Khan. Not to be missed is the Hot Chocolate Pure 70%, otherwise known as the classic hot chocolate for anyone who loves the rich taste of cocoa. Open today - 29th February 2020, G Floor, Gaysorn Centre WISHBEER WINTER GARDEN Enjoy craft beer outdoors in an atmosphere filled with festive lights and colors and a giant Christmas tree in the chillest beer garden by Wishbeer, which is offering a weekly rotation of craft beers from all over the globe, more than 10 taps at a time. Enjoy a food menu selected to go perfectly with the beer, along with live acoustic music every Friday to Sunday from 05.00 pm – 12.00 am from today till 6 January 2020. Gaysorn Cocoon Drop-off, G Floor, Gaysorn Village GAYSORN ART GALLERY Do not miss “The Art Of Modern Luxury Surface” exhibition from the brand Stone and Style which invites you to experience the innovation of aesthetic cladding
English rugby legend Austin Healey, also known as “The Leicester Lip” for his famously competitive and outspoken character, is now in Thailand and Soneva Kiri is pleased to offer special package “Weekend Getaway with Austin Healey” from 1-4 November, 2019. Package prices start from THB129,000 for a 2-night stay inclusive of meals, transfers, One time Lunch with Austin on Saturday 2nd October 2019 for 2 persons, One time drinks and canapé with Austin Healey for 2 persons and more. Located on Koh Kood in the Gulf of Thailand, the country’s fourth largest but least populated island, Soneva Kiri is one hour by private plane from Bangkok. The resort is designed to an intimate scale, with 36 huge pool villas ranging from one to six bedrooms in size, set within lush rainforest with beautiful views of the ocean. Austin Healey is a former English rugby union player who played as a utility back for Leicester Tigers, and represented both England and the British and Irish Lions. He has 51 England caps and two Lions’ caps. He played for England at scrum half, fly-half, fullback and wing, and was often used as a substitute because of his versatility. He made his full England debut against Ireland during the 1997 Five Nations tournament, and toured with the British Lions in 1997, making two appearances. He has played in Five/Six Nations tournaments (‘98-'02) and in the 1999 World Cup. After retiring Austin went on to appear on a number of British TV shows, including Strictly Come Dancing and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? Austin will be commentating on the following matches at Soneva Kiri: Quarter Finals 3 and 4, all of the Semi-Finals, the Bronze Final and the Final. Promotion : Weekend Getaway with Austin Healey Validity Period : 1-4 November 2019 Booking Code : RSKRUGBY19 Villa Type 2 nights package/ 2 persons 3 nights package/ 2 persons Extra night/ 2 persons Bayview Pool Villa Suite THB 129,000.- THB 168,000.- THB 29,000.- Sunset Ocean View Pool Villa Suite THB 150,000.- THB 190,000.- THB 34,800.- Beach Pool Villa Suite THB 167,000.- THB 214,000.- THB 49,200.- 2 Bedroom Junior Beach Pool Retreat THB 314,000.- THB 409,000.- THB 70,040.- Special inclusions Complimentary upgrade to next villa category (subjects to availability) Daily Half Board (breakfast & dinner) at resort restaurants, not applicable for In-Villa Dining and Treepod Dining Non-alcoholic beverages during dinner time at resort restaurants Shared return flight transfers between Bangkok and Soneva Kiri on a fixed schedule (Private flight transfer is available upon request at an additional surcharge ) A 50 minutes selected Six Senses Spa treatment per stay (exclude child) 1 child age below 12 years old, stay free and receive complimentary Half Board, when sharing a villa with parents (excluding flight charge at THB 9,500 NET/ person) One time Lunch with Austin on Saturday 2nd October 2019 for 2 persons One time drinks and canapé with Austin Healey for 2 persons One time Koh Rang Snorkelling or Klong Chao Waterfall Adventure For more information or reservation: email: email@example.com or telephone: +91 124 4511000
‘Phuket FantaSea’ celebrates its 20th anniversary with the grand opening of the world’s first Thai Carnival Theme Park in Thailand. Built with a budget of over THB 5 billion (USD$ 160 million) and spanning over 40 acres (100 Rai), Carnival Magic aspires to become an exciting new landmark tourist destination in Asia and is expected to attract over 1 million tourists per year with annual revenue of no less than THB 1.5 billion. ‘Carnival Magic Co., Ltd.’ is an affiliate of ‘Phuket FantaSea Co., Ltd’ and is located in Kamala Beach in Phuket province, adjacent to Phuket FantaSea. Mr. Kittikorn Kewkacha, the CEO of ‘Phuket FantaSea Public Company Limited’ and ‘Carnival Magic Co., Ltd.’, explained the significance of creating this new project. “This year is the 20th anniversary of ‘Phuket FantaSea’. We are celebrating it with the opening of an astonishing and uniquely new project – ‘Carnival Magic’, one of the largest nighttime theme parks ever constructed, and the first of its kind in the world.” Inspired by the many traditional festivals, carnivals and market fairs that abound throughout the Kingdom, Carnival Magic aims to establish itself as the very first Thai Carnival Theme Park, rejoicing in the vibrancy of Thailand's rich cultural heritage and offering an experience unmatched by any other theme park on earth. “Our mission was to establish a landmark destination that would encourage more visitors to the island, and in so doing, help create jobs, stimulate the local economy and ultimately boost the local tourism industry. We wanted to offer something positive, entertaining, uplifting, and welcoming that would showcase the beautiful uniqueness of Thai culture with the enhancement of modern technology and special effects.” Carnival Magic’ consists of 4 main zones: Zone 1 - Carnival Fun Fair: an exciting and colorful carnival-themed street fair offering themed shopping arcades, boutique eateries and bars, street dancing and parade performers, fun games, kiddie rides and lots of guest activities. Various quality products from all regions of Thailand will be featured in one-of-a-kind themed souvenir shops lavishly decorated with carnival lights and Thai inspired architectural features. Zone 2 – Bird of Paradise Restaurant: A fully air-conditioned gala buffet restaurant that can accommodate over 3,000 visitors and is reached by passing through an enchanted Garden of Paradise entranceway. With an interior design suggesting a heavenly hall watched over by 2 giant peacock sculptures in full plumage, Bird of Paradise will offer over 100 varieties of menu items featuring delicacies from all around the world. Three separate dining halls are also available for private dining events. Alternatively, the River of Bliss Restaurant offers a more opulent dining experience within a design inspired by the world famous Loy Kratong festival. The 400-seat dining room is lavishly accented with giant Kratongs (lotus float) reflecting the best of traditional Thai craftsmanship. A special feature of this restaurant is that guests will first arrive at a waterfall known as “Happiness Falls” and ascend to the restaurant via a mystical barge called the “Barge of Happiness” which rises approximately 7 meters to deliver guests into this uniquely themed
Latest Airbnb booking data has revealed growing interest in lesser-known destinations and eco-conscious cities across the globe, as travellers look for new, local and authentic travel experiences beyond big cities. In Thailand, emerging destinations across the country are increasingly appealing to both domestic and international travellers. Case-in-point is Buriram in Thailand’s Northeast saw 383% growth in bookings* year-over-year, propelling it into third place on Airbnb’s top 20 global destinations to visit next year. Here are the Top 20 trending destinations for 2020: 1. Milwaukee, WI, US The host of next year’s Democratic National Convention, Milwaukee makes it to the top of our trending list. This historic gem on the shores of Lake Michigan often slips under the radar but has a terrific bar and restaurant scene and fascinating cultural attractions that include a Calatrava-designed art museum. And with over 105 miles of scenic bike lanes, it’s easy to see why Milwaukee is experiencing an upsurge in interest among guests on Airbnb. 2. Bilbao, Spain Bilbao’s transformation from rust belt city to flourishing culture hub is truly remarkable. The city’s Frank Gehry-designed Guggenheim Museum put Bilbao on the map when it opened back in 1997. Since then the Basque city has been on an ever upward ascent, winning the European City of the Year in 2018. Visitors to the area are rewarded with a lively dining scene, breathtaking architecture and an unforgettable cityscape. Next year, Bilbao will also become a top destination for sports fans: it’s one of the host cities of Europe’s most beloved soccer competition. 3. Buriram, Thailand The rural province of Buriram is home to some of Thailand’s most treasured Khmer relics. Its best known monument is the incredible Phanom Rung complex which is comparable in grandeur to its much more famous Cambodian neighbor, Angkor Wat. In addition to ancient ruins, the province has also become a sporting hotspot: 2018 saw the inaugural MotoGP motor racing event at the Chang International Circuit which also plays host to the Buriram Marathon each year. MotoGP is scheduled to return in March next year. 4. Sunbury, Victoria, Australia A short drive northwest of Melbourne, the suburb of Sunbury is a popular spot with savvy locals thanks to its wildlife, wineries and Victorian-era architecture. Its biggest claim to fame is as the birthplace of cricket’s most sought-after trophy — The Ashes. In 2020, Sunbury looks to attract cricket fans from near and far as Melbourne will be hosting the ICC T20 World Cup. 5. Romania Romania, with its pristine hills and ancient rural villages, is the perfect destination for anyone looking for something off-the-beaten-track. The country has some of the best preserved virgin forests in Europe and, according to the 2018 Environmental Performance Index, ranks 15th globally when it comes to ecosystem vitality. 6. Xi'an, China Often cited as one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization, Xi'an is best known as the home of the terracotta warriors — a vast collection of prehistoric clay soldiers discovered by local farmers in 1974. Today, the capital of China’s western Shaanxi province is a major culinary melting pot while
Located on the western coast in the South of Thailand, Satun is a small and tranquil province next to the Malaysian – Thai border. There is an abundance of pristine nature and mountainous forests with more than eighty beautiful surrounding islands. The well-known and famous islands are Muko Tarutao, Muko Adang – Rawi, and Muko Phetra. In 2018 Satun was nominated Thailand's first Unesco Global Geopark for its renowned natural beauty and geological significance. Here are the top 8 secret spots and fun activities to do in Satun Geopark. → ‘Stegodon Sea Cave’ Formerly called ‘Tham Wang Kluai’, ‘Tham Le Stegodon’ is a sea cave with seawater intrusions depending on sea levels, which is why it is also known as ‘Tham Le’. The cave is renowned after the discovery of elephant and rhino fossils from Pleistocene Epoch, especially the Stegodon elephants, which became the cave’s name. Stegodon Sea Cave is positioned inside a limestone mountain range, curving into different directions. The distance from the entrance to the exit point of the cave is approximately 4 kilometers, which is considered to be the longest cave in Thailand. Tourists can tour the cave on a small canoe boat and enjoy the beauty of stalactites and learn about 500 million years old ancient creature fossils that were found within. → Satun Geopark Museum Satun Geopark Museum was founded to provide academic information, promote scientific studies and youth participation and to raise locals' environmental awareness, encouraging them to find ways to preserve Satun's Geological areas. Artifacts are exhibited on tables and walls, with signs describing their stories. The displaying exhibitions within the museum include Ancient fossils found in Satun, Satun geological information, Satun geographical 3D model, Satun Geopark section and Rocks exhibition. → Mu Ko Phetra National Park Mu Ko Phetra National Park consists a part of the Andaman sea with islands, mountains, and plateaus between mountains and the sea. The national park spread with an area of 3 kilometers from the coast. The sea area of this national park consists of 22 islands, lying from north to south. The islands are unique for their steep eroded limestone caves, sinkholes, cliffs and ridges, which was the result of coastal erosion and sea tides. Apart from going island hopping on tourist boats, visitors can also enjoy diving in different areas of the national park and be amazed by the colorful ocean ecosystem filled with sea creatures, coral reefs, coral algae, and rare sea anemones. One of the must-visit tourist attractions is Khao To Ngai Fault Plane, where Mu Ko Phetra National Park headquarters is located. Known in Thai as 'Khao To Ngai Time Crossing Zone', the fault plane consists of rocks from two different geological periods including red sandstones from the Cambrian period (542 - 488 million years) and limestones from the Ordovician period (488 - 444 million years). Therefore, walking on the coastal bridge along this natural wonder can make you feel like walking through different time periods. → Tarutao National Marine Park The name 'Tarutao' was derived from the word 'Ta lo trao', which could mean
Love art and traveling? Why not combine your two passions by visiting some of the best art destinations Chiang Rai has to offer. Whether you’re inspired by the work of old masters, love contemporary art, or you just want to soak up some healthy creative energy, here’s our list of the 6 best places to visit to satisfy even the most insatiable art lover. 1. Wat Rong Khun Wat Rong Khun is one of a considerable number of religious places in Chiang Rai. Originating from the great devotion of renowned Thai artist, Chalermchai Kosipipat the temple is dedicated to Lord Buddha with the intention to construct an attainable paradise on earth representing righteousness and the encouragement of good karma. With regard to outstanding quality in art and tremendously elaborate architecture, the consecrated assembly hall in Wat Rong Khun is different from any other temple in terms of having both carved gable apexes and tooth-like ridges. The hall itself is mostly constructed in pure white, illustrative of the Buddha’s purity. Glittering clear-mirrored glass serves as the Awakened One’s wisdom shining over the earth and the universe. Together with these elements, there are sophisticated murals by Chalermchai himself that should not be missed. 2. Wiang Ka Long Wiang Ka Long was a lost city which is recently being developed to be a tourist attraction. Once archeologists have found ancient kilns which were used to produce terra cotta pottery and utensils, they estimated that Wiang Ka Long was one of the oldest Lanna cities founded as old as 2,500 years ago. Lots of tourists decide to stop to check out Wiang Ka Long during their trips from Chiang Rai to Chiang Mai as it is located along the way on Doi Saket Highway No. 1014. Wiang Kalong pottery is underglazed ceramic pottery that features various food containers, dinner service, kitchenware and household objects such as dinner plates, footed trays, cups, vases, jars, khontho (long-necked water vessel), nam ton (water pots), as well as underglazed ceramic figures, such as human and animal figures. The major source of production is in Wiang Pa Pao District, Chiang Rai Province. Don’t forget to visit Thun Thijittung, the Guru of ancient way of Wiang Kalong pottery to learn how to make the pottery and enjoy the demonstration. 3. Choui Fong Tea Plantation Choui Fong Tea Plantation is a centre of high quality tea cultivation of the Choui Fong Company Limited, the biggest tea producer in Chiang Rai. With more than 40 years experience in tea cultivation, today the Company is a tea producer, distributor, and exporter. Its main clients include industrial users. The breathtaking vast landscape of more than a thousand rai featuring lines of tea growing along the curve of the mountain ridge and descending like a terrace make it more outstanding than other tea plantations. There are total two branches of Choui Fong Tea Plantation, one in Mar Fah Luang County and another one in Mae Chan County. Both of them are enormous. The one in Mae Fah Luang County is over 800,000 square metres large
lifestyle+travel braves the sweltering summer heat to discover Bangkok's lesser known museums, near and far across the capital, and had a lot of fun in the process of acquiring some culture. 1. PIPIT BANGLAMPHU MUSEUM Thailand’s first printing school (Sangwet Witsayaram Temple Printing School) was recently restored. This sweet modern museum, with well-curated exhibitions and historical tales of the Royal Treasury Department and the Banglamphu community, is the fantastic result. There are two separate buildings. 1.1 Treasury Department Exhibition The first building holds the history of the Royal Treasury Department, which was fortuitously short. Our guide, the lovely and super-knowledgeable, “Gao-you-can-call-me-Kiwi”, does her very best to make land deeds and coins interesting to us… If that floats your boat it is very interesting indeed, with very polished exhibits. 1.2 Banglampu Community Exhibition The real magic happens (for us!) in building two. The wooden building itself, with its shiny teak floors, is colonial-chic gorgeous. Inside there are four exhibits detailing the history and characters of this multi-cultural community that date back to the early days of Rattanakosin. There are models, brilliantly executed murals, videos and interactive displays of famous venues, old shops, artisans, street food and much more, along with the remains of the eponymously named last cork tree. We love it and Kiwi is an absolute star. Phra Sumane Road Chana Songkhram Khet Phra Nakhon Bangkok 10200 T. +66 (0) 2 281 0345-51 ext. 1223, 1224 E. firstname.lastname@example.org | W. banglamphumuseum.treasury.go.th From Tue-Sun, 10am-6pm Tour every 30 minute, last one at 4pm Free admission 2. RATTANAKOSIN EXHIBITION HALL It gets off to a bit of a bad start. There is a choice of two routes – the longer, more interesting-sounding one being a two-hour guided tour. It is not conducive to our manymuseums- in-one-day mindset. It is not overly aligned with a certain independent spirit. The point being you HAVE to go with a guide for reasons that allude me… but we soldier on. Even after the Basil Fawlty pantomime moment where you pick up the headset and pay the deposit for the headset on opposite sides of the hall. The two-hour tour lasted two minutes when the ‘Thai (a lot of long-winded Thai) first, English later policy’ becomes clear (and the Thai members of our group were the most seriously-interested-in-every-detail people I have ever briefly met). At minute 1.5, much to my friend’s embarrassment, I was sneaking off into the next room, except the door was locked. Finally, we made enough fuss, (impatient farang moment) and were whisked away (much to the great relief of everyone) for our own private tour of ‘route one’. When the Rattanakosin Exhibition got good, it got really good. This is a fantastic interactive museum with models, video and creative displays. The guides are not only well informed, but smart and funny. Beautifully composed, the exhibits tell interesting stories in Thai and English about the art and culture of Bangkok and the Old Town neighbourhoods and the Grand Palace that make up Rattanakosin Island. On the fourth floor there are panoramic views of Loha Prasart and Golden Mount Temples.
Bangkok celebrates its 238rd birthday this year. As such a long-running happening city, Bangkok is surely packed with abundant attention-grabbing genres to explore that could actually keep you busy for several days. Let’s discover what Bangkok has on offer and plunge into the “Staycation” trend – where you check in to the city hotels and enjoy their premium services as a treat to yourself without making the effort of travelling outside the city. THE OKURA PRESTIGE BANGKOK ❱ STYLE The Okura Prestige Bangkok hotel is a stylish, elegant, luxurious and contemporary five-star hotel located at the heart of Thailand’s capital city. The hotel combines unrivalled levels of comfort and convenience with the warmth and charm always associated with genuine Thai hospitality. ❱ STAY All 240 rooms and suites offer impressive views across the dynamic Bangkok skyline through the triple-glazed e-coated panoramic windows. The rooms combine comfort and luxury with the very latest technological developments designed to impress business and leisure travellers. ❱ SAVOUR Delightful dining choices at Up & Above – the all-day dining venue, Michelin-starred restaurant Elements which is inspired by the famous Michelin two-star Ciel Bleu and the signature Japanese restaurant Yamazato, which has also received an award from Thailand’s best restaurant and the recognition from the Michelin Guide Bangkok. ❱ SENSES Relax in the amazing 25-metre cantilevered pool; keep fit in the state-of-the-art fitness centre; find peace and tranquility at The Okura Spa where the tranquil journey begins with a professional consultation and continues to an elegant, fully-equipped treatment room. Trained therapists use exclusive organic teas in a range of treatments designed to conjure relaxation and well-being. ❱ SCENE The Okura Prestige Bangkok is located in the award-winning Park Ventures Ecoplex building which is situated at the heart of the city’s Central Business District on Wireless Road, close to the embassies of the United Kingdom, United States and Japan. The hotel offers direct access to the city’s BTS SkyTrain network at Phloen Chit station and sits close to major shopping malls and commercial districts. The hotel enjoys easy access to and from the city’s two international airports. THE OKURA PRESTIGE BANGKOK Park Ventures Ecoplex, 57 Wireless Road, Lumpini, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Thailand T. +66 (0) 2687 9000 F. +66 (0) 2687 9001 W. okurabangkok.com AVANI + RIVERSIDE BANGKOK HOTEL ❱ STYLE Overlooking Bangkok’s Chao Phraya River, Avani+ Riverside Bangkok Hotel welcomes discerning global travellers with contemporary style, intuitive service and stunning views across Asia’s most dynamic city. From the rooftop bar and pool at the top of the 26-storey hotel, down to the lobby, Avani+ Riverside Bangkok is a place to relax and unwind, and a base from which to explore nearby neighbourhoods and popular tourist sites along the ‘River of Kings’. ❱ STAY All of the hotel’s 248 stylish guest rooms and suites boast uninterrupted city and river views and all elements are geared towards the promise of a relaxing stay and a good night’s sleep. The neutral décor is a blend of comfort and modernity, natural materials and high-tech equipment, along with extra conveniences. Each of the spacious River View Junior Suites features a bathroom with a view,
With daily life becoming increasingly fast-paced, Lifestyle+Travel and Klook have curated a selection of activities that will treat families with the best thing they can get: an opportunity to slow down and spend quality time with each other. Whether foodie families are seeking to surprise their taste buds or culture vultures are looking for a chance to learn about the heritage of Thailand’s undiscovered areas, we have a variety of family-bonding experiences that are sure to last a life-time. For the Foodie Families: Amphawa Floating Market Half Day Trip from Bangkok Gallivanters can explore the areas neighbouring Thailand’s buzzing capital Bangkok on a half-day tour of one of the country’s most renowned floating markets - Amphawa Floating Market. Hosting a wide variety of stalls selling famously spicy Thai delicacies and delectable bites, the trip is made to delight foodies of all ages. Offering an array of authentic Thai products and souvenirs, families will leave hands full and bellies filled. The day ends with a calm drift along the waters of Amphawa, beneath the moonlit night skies. For the Culture Vultures: Ancient Ayutthaya Tour 80 kilometres north of Bangkok lies the ancient city of Ayutthaya, the former capital of Siam Kingdom. Ayutthaya provides a snapshot of Thailand’s past splendour and houses some of the country’s most important relics. History lovers can spot the famous Reclining Buddha statue at Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon and visit the impressive Wat Mahatat, one of the key monasteries and religious centres in the country. The tour concludes with a lunch at the Ayutthaya floating market, where families can slow down to enjoy each other’s company, with some of the freshest produce found in Thailand. For the Outdoor Enthusiasts: Jungle Kayak Tour The serene Mae Ngat Valley is a haven for fathers who are nature lovers or outdoor enthusiasts. Beginners and experts alike can take a step off the beaten track and head to the Mae Taeng Jungle reserve for a quiet afternoon of paddling amidst the untouched surroundings of the valley. Ideal for families looking for a hassle-free trip, lunch and transport to and from hotels is provided. For the Multi-generational: Elephants Day Tour in Kanchanaburi Thailand’s first privately owned nature reserve for wild elephants, the OurLand reserve, is dedicated to ensuring natural habitats with thriving flora and fauna where wild elephants can have safe access to a natural water resource. Families can spend an afternoon interacting with the gentle giants and support the cause by learning more about the Human Elephant Conflict (HEC) between farmers and elephants.